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                  The Plastics Distributor and Fabricator - Your Industry Magazine
                  The Plastics Distributor and Fabricator, Your Industry Magazine
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                  News Features Series Articles Columns
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                  Author Biography
                  Protecting Employees When Performing Machine Operations (Jan/Feb-20)
                  Have You Recently Conducted Your Required Safety & Health Program Audits? (Nov/Dec-19)
                  Have You Conducted Your Periodic Lockout & Tagout Audit? (Sep/Oct-19)
                  Before You Purchase New Machinery (Jul/Aug-19)
                  Does OSHA Cite Employers Equally? (May/Jun-19)
                  Are You Ready For The New Year? (Mar/Apr-19)
                  Creating a Safety Culture Means Staying Informed (Nov/Dec-18)
                  Safe Lifting Techniques (Sep/Oct-18)
                  Are Your Machines Safe to Operate? (Jul/Aug-18)
                  Do You Know How Old Your Tires Really Are? (Jan/Feb-18)
                  Risk Assessment & Premise Liability Insurance (Nov/Dec-17)
                  Forklift Safety ?You Can Save A Life Today (Sep/Oct-17)
                  Protect Your Employees from Heat Stress Related Injuries (Jul/Aug-17)
                  Lockout-Tagout from a Managerís Perspective (May/Jun-17)
                  Do Your Employees Really Know How to Use Personal Protective Equipment? (Mar/Apr-17)
                  OSHA & Lockout/Tagout (Nov/Dec-16)
                  OSHA Increases Their Penalties Towards Employers (Jul/Aug-16)
                  Do You Know What Your Experience Modification Rate Is? (May/Jun-16)
                  Machine Safety (Sep/Oct-15)
                  Lockout, Tagout & Tryout ?Are You in Compliance? (Jul/Aug-15)
                  Forklift Safety Practices (May/Jun-15)
                  Using the Right Power Saw to Cut Plastic Materials (Mar/Apr-15)
                  OSHA & Machine Safeguarding (Jan/Feb-15)
                  Ergonomics (Sep/Oct-14)
                  Respiratory Protection . . . Does Your Program Protect? (May/Jun-14)
                  First Aid Program (Mar/Apr-14)
                  Working with Composite Materials Safely and Preventing Dermatitis (Jan/Feb-14)
                  Preventing Winter Slips, Trips and Falls (Nov/Dec-13)
                  The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Communication ?Are You Ready For It? (Sep/Oct-13)
                  Safety & New Employee Orientation (Jul/Aug-13)
                  Liquefied Petroleum Gas Safety (May/Jun-13)
                  Posting of OSHA Notices (Jan/Feb-13)
                  Staying Safe This Winter (Nov/Dec-12)
                  Personal Protection - Storage, Maintenance and Care (Sep/Oct-12)
                  Machine Safeguarding (Jul/Aug-12)
                  Is Your Lockout & Tagout Program Working? (May/Jun-12)
                  Getting Familiar with OSHA (Mar/Apr-12)
                  Is Your Piping Systems Properly Marked? (Jan/Feb-12)
                  Accident Prevention, Does Your Company Have An Effective Program? (Nov/Dec-11)
                  Defining FR ?Flame Resistant Fabrics (Jul/Aug-11)
                  OSHA's Flammable & Combustible Liquids (May/Jun-11)
                  Safety & Health Program Check-up (Jan/Feb-11)
                  OSHA Is My Friend (Nov/Dec-10)
                  OSHA Standard for Control of Hazardous Energy Sources? (Sep/Oct-10)
                  Lockout/Tagout Program (Jul/Aug-10)
                  Safe Handling of Compressed Gas Cylinders (May/Jun-10)
                  What You Should Know about OSHA and Plastic Working Machinery (Mar/Apr-10)
                  Fasten Those Forklift Seat Belts (Jan/Feb-10)
                  My Back Hurts (Nov/Dec-09)
                  Fall Protection Program (Sep/Oct-09)
                  Accident Prevention & Investigation (Jul/Aug-09)
                  OSHA & Machine Safeguarding (May/Jun-09)
                  Carbon Monoxide Hazards (Mar/Apr-09)
                  OSHA Electrical Safety and Training (Jan/Feb-09)
                  Free Forklift ANSI Standards (Nov/Dec-08)
                  Worksite Fire Emergencies (Sep/Oct-08)
                  Machine Safety (Jul/Aug-08)
                  Ladder Safety (May/Jun-08)
                  Is Your Company on OSHA's Hit List?
                  OSHA Notifies Workplaces with High Injury and Illness Rates (Mar/Apr-08)
                  Safety Means . . . Never Having to Say You're Sorry (Jan/Feb-08)
                  Flammables and Combustible Liquids (Nov/Dec-07)
                  Designing-In Safety NOT Retrofitting Safety (Sep/Oct-07)
                  Back Safety and Lifting (Jul/Aug-07)
                  Machine Guarding (May/Jun-07)
                  Your Hearing Keep it for a Lifetime (Mar/Apr-07)
                  Light Up the Holidays the Safe Way (Nov/Dec-06)
                  Would You Risk Your Employee's Life? (Sep/Oct-06)
                  How to Control Workers' Compensation Costs (Jul/Aug-06)
                  Compliance with 70E Electrical Standards (May/Jun-06)
                  OSHA Is on the Move (Mar/Apr-06)
                  Workplace Violence (Jan/Feb-06)
                  The Aging Workforce (Nov/Dec-05)
                  The Safety Paradox (Sep/Oct-05)
                  Machine Guarding (Jul/Aug-05)
                  Effective Risk Management (May/Jun-05)
                  Safety Is Everyone's Business (Mar/Apr-05)
                  New Year's Resolution Safety (Jan/Feb-05)
                  Safe Driving (Nov/Dec-04)
                  Terror In The Skies Revisited (Sep/Oct-04)
                  How They Got Hurt (Jul/Aug-04)
                  In-Plant Air Monitoring & Analysis (May/Jun-04)
                  Safety on the Job and Complying with the Americans With Disabilities Act (Mar/Apr-04)
                  Link to Article Archive (Jan/Feb-04)
                  A Supervisor's Duty (Nov/Dec-03)
                  Machine Safety ?Are Your Machines Safe to Operate? (Sep/Oct-03)
                  Summer is Here (Jul/Aug-03)
                  Working Safely On Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) (May/Jun-03)
                  Does Your Safety and Health Workplace Program Contain All of These Elements? (Mar/Apr-03)
                  Methylene Chloride (Jan/Feb-03)
                  Safety Signs & Labels - Does Your Facility Comply? (Nov/Dec-02)
                  Indoor Air Quality (Sep/Oct-02)
                  When OSHA Arrives (Jul/Aug-02)
                  Facts About the Occupation Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) (May/Jun-02)
                  Workplace Fire Safety (Mar/Apr-02)
                  OSHA 300 Form (Jan/Feb-02)
                  Preparing for Disaster (Nov/Dec-01)
                  How Much is a Life Worth? (Sep/Oct-01)
                  Material Handling Programs (Jul/Aug-01)
                  It's Up To You To Protect Your Skin (May/Jun-01)
                  When Youíve Been Handed the Responsibility for Safety (Mar/Apr-01)
                  A Fresh Look at Machine Safeguarding (Jan/Feb-01)
                  Safe Work Habits (Nov/Dec-00)
                  The Importance of Material Safety Data Sheets (Sep/Oct-00)
                  Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (Jul/Aug-00)
                  Lockout/Tagout Program (May/Jun-00)
                  OSHA Violations, Citations and Penalties for 1998 (Mar/Apr-00)
                  Erogonomics and Machinery Safeguarding (Jan/Feb-00)
                  General Machine Principles (Nov/Dec-99)
                  SAFETY SOLUTIONS
                  Select issue:


                  SAFETY SOLUTIONS: Protecting Employees When Performing Machine Operations
                  Protecting Employees When Performing Machine Operations The plastics industry represents a substantial portion of the American workforce. Various safety and health concerns exist throughout the plastics industry, ranging from raw material manufacturing to plastics processing. As we enter the new year, OSHA is now concentrating more of their inspection efforts on machinery. The reason for these increased inspections is OSHA is now seeing an increase in employee amputations. Injuries resulting from inadequate machine guarding are of concern due to their potential severity. For more information on this subject got to www.osha.gov and search for Directive Number: CPL 03-00-019. I suggest that your safety & maintenance supervisors become very familiar with this enforcement directive.

                  Plastics processing machines are complex pieces of equipment that require guards to protect employees from nip points, numerous moving parts, and exposure to high voltage and high temperature. Serious injuries including fatalities, amputations, avulsions, burns, cuts, and bruises can occur during operation. Such injuries may result from guards that are missing, improperly installed, removed, or bypassed.

                  Since OSHA does not have specific machine guarding standards other than using 29 CFR 1910 212 standards, they do refer to the following American National Standards Institute consensus standards:

                  American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc. (SPI)

                  Extrusion

                  • B151.15, Extrusion blow molding machines - safety requirements for the manufacture care and use. Minimizes hazards to personnel associated with machine activity by establishing requirements for the manufacture, care, and use of these machines.
                  • B151.5, Plastic film and sheet winding machinery - manufacture, care, and use. Identifies and addresses known hazards to personnel working on or adjacent to the machinery.
                  • B151.2, Film casting machines - construction, care, and use (revision and redesignation of ANSI B151.2- 1982 (R1988)). Identifies and addresses known hazards to personnel working on or adjacent to the machinery.
                  • B151.4, Blown film take-off and auxiliary equipment - construction, care, and use (revision and redesignation of ANSI B151.4-1982 (R1988)). Identifies and addresses known hazards to personnel working on or adjacent to the machinery.
                  • B151.20, American national standard for plastic sheet production machinery - manufacture, care and use. Identifies and addresses known hazards to personnel working on or with the machinery.

                  Lockout/Tagout

                  • Z244.1, Control of hazardous energy - lockout/tagout and alternative methods. Cited in OSHA interpretations and private sector materials, the Z244.1 Standard is used as a resource for addressing control of hazardous energy and lockout/ tagout.

                  The scope and purpose of the standard is to establish requirements for the control of hazardous energy associated with machines, equipment, or processes that could cause injury to personnel. So, if you are looking to improve your safety program and protecting both your machine operators and maintenance personnel, you should obtain these safety standards and follow them. Podojil & Associates, Inc. offers many online training

                  programs at a cost-effective price. As always, if you have any questions about machine safety or any other OSHA safety, health or environmental programs, we are ready to assist you.

                  Additional Resources

                  • Occupational Safety & Health Association ? www.osha.gov
                  • National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health - www.cdc.gov/niosh
                  • Canadian Center for Occupational Health & Safety - www.ccohs.ca
                  • National Safety Council - www.nsc.org
                  • American Society of Safety Engineers - www.asse.org
                  • Podojil & Associates (www.podojilconsulting.com) also has free safety topics, training materials, monthly toolbox talks, safety checklists and PowerPoint programs that you can download free.

                  For more information, click on the author biography at the top of the page.

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                  Plastics Distributor?& Fabricator Magazine
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